11.05.2022 — Russian Government Adopted List of Companies Targeted By Russian Counter-Sanctions
In line with recent Presidential Decree No. 252 dated 03 May 2022, which introduced framework regulations on Russian counter-sanctions, the Russian Government adopted a list of specific persons targeted by Russian counter-sanctions (the “Designated Persons”) in Decree No. 851 dated 11 May 2022 (the “Decree”). There are 31 companies in the list of the Designated Persons, which mostly include former foreign subsidiaries of Russia’s Gazprom and companies formerly controlled by Gazprom.
The list of the Designated Persons includes 31 companies from the USA, Britain, European countries and Singapore. In particular, the Designated Persons include Gazprom Germania GmbH, Gazprom Marketing & Trading Ltd. and other former foreign subsidiaries of Russia’s own Gazprom as well as companies formerly controlled by Gazprom, such as entities within the VEMEX and Wingas/WIEH/WIEE groups. All Designated Persons seem to have been involved with the supply and sale of Russian gas.
According to Decree No. 252, all Russian companies (including Russian branches and subsidiaries of foreign companies), individuals and state authorities may no longer enter into transactions with the Designated Persons, fulfill existing obligations vis-à-vis them, perform financial transactions and export products or raw materials benefitting the Designated Persons. The Decree of the Russian Government established additional criteria for the prohibited transactions with the Designated Persons. In particular, such prohibited transactions include:
- transactions benefitting the Designated Persons;
- transactions aimed at providing access to the Russian ports to ships owned or chartered by the Designated Persons, in their interest or at their instruction;
- transactions including payments, securities transactions with the participation of or for the benefit of the Designated Persons.
The Russian Ministry of Finances is entitled to make proposals to the Russian Government on amendments to the list of the Designated Persons and the issuance of temporary licenses (permits) to authorize individual transactions with the Designated Persons as an exception from the sanctions regime.
Although now the list of the Designated Persons seems to focus on the companies formerly associated with Gazprom, this list may be extended further.
We will keep you informed on the relevant developments in due course.
03.05.2022 — Russian Government to Adopt Counter-Sanctions against Certain Foreign Companies
On 03 May 2022, Russian President signed Decree No. 252 (the “Decree”) introducing framework regulations on new Russian counter-sanctions. The Decree does not provide for a specific list of persons targeted by the counter-sanctions (the “Designated Persons”), which is to be adopted by the Russian Government via implementing regulations by mid-May. The Decree does not purport to target persons other than the Designated Persons. However, the Decree imposes restrictions on dealing with the Designated Persons, which may affect Russian companies and Russian branches and subsidiaries of foreign companies.
As of now, in the absence of implementing regulations, the Decree does not by itself lead to new restrictions. However, once the list of the Designated Persons is released, their legal status in Russia will be roughly similar to the restrictions applicable to persons targeted by EU or US sanctions. In particular, Russian individuals, entities and federal, regional and municipal authorities (the “Russian Persons”) will be subject to the following obligations:
- not to enter into transactions with the Designated Persons and persons controlled by the Designated Persons;
- not to fulfill existing obligations vis-à-vis the Designated Persons even if required by existing contracts;
- not to perform financial transactions benefitting the Designated Persons;
- not to export products or raw materials produced in Russia for the benefit of the Designated Persons or in favor of third parties on behalf of the Designated Persons.
Importantly, it appears that Russian branches and subsidiaries of foreign companies will also be treated as the Russian Persons and therefore bound to comply with the Decree when dealing with the Designated Persons. Therefore, after the list of Designated Persons is released, we advise to review existing contracts and dealings and carefully consider further steps via legal advice.
We will keep you informed on the relevant developments in due course.
29.03.2022 — Parallel Import of Certain Goods Became Lawful in Russia
The Russian Government adopted Decree No. 506 (the “Decree”) on 29 March 2022, which allows the import of certain high-demand authentic foreign goods into Russia without the consent of the IP rights holders.
Articles 1359(6) and 1487 of the Russian Civil Code will not apply to such goods. According to these Articles, foreign goods are not considered counterfeit only if they were introduced into the stream of commerce in the Russian Federation by the IP rights holder or with the IP rights holder’s consent (this is known as the national exhaustion regime). Now, for select goods it will be sufficient that the IP rights holder authorized their sale abroad, regardless of whether it has consented to their subsequent importation into Russia (this is known as the international exhaustion regime).
The main aim of the Decree is to ensure the domestic availability of high-demand goods despite the foreign sanctions against Russia. The Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade will approve the special list of such goods on the basis of proposals of the federal agencies.
The Russian Government has also announced that all customs and import сontrol procedures will be carried out as usual in respect of such specifically designated goods. Additionally, according to the official position, such goods will be subject to warranty maintenance.
06.03.2022 — New Requirements for Approval of Certain Transactions with Foreign Parties
Please be informed that on 06 March 2022 the Russian Government has issued Decree No. 295 (the “Decree”) which temporarily requires prior approval of certain transactions of Russian persons and entities, including Russian subsidiaries of foreign companies (“Russian Parties”), with foreign persons and entities (“Foreign Parties”).
However, contrary to a number of inaccurate media reports, the Decree purportedly extends only to particular types of transactions, which are primarily financial in nature (the “Covered Transactions”), rather than to all transactions with Foreign Parties. The Decree is declared to be aimed at stabilizing the Russian financial system and should therefore not interfere with normal business operations such as the ordinary trade in works, services or goods. We elaborate on the details below.
The Decree draws a distinction between (i) Foreign Parties that are associated with countries that enacted sanctions against Russia such as EU, UK, Canada and the US (the “Covered States”), and (ii) other Foreign Parties:
1. For Foreign Parties associated with the Covered States (“Parties from Covered States”), prior governmental approval is now required (i) for Russian Parties to extend loans to Parties from Covered States, and (ii) to enter into transactions dealing with title to securities and real estate. Please note that Parties from Covered States are defined broadly and include (i) persons with citizenship of a Covered State, (ii) entities with a place of incorporation, center of business activities or business profits in a Covered State, and (iii) their subsidiaries and controlled persons even if they are not incorporated or domiciled in a Covered State (please note that this may be interpreted to cover Russian entities affiliated with Parties from Covered States).
2. With regard to other Foreign Parties that are not associated with Covered States, only the following transactions require prior approval of the Russian Government:
- foreign currency loans (but not loans in Russian Ruble) provided by Russian Parties to such Foreign Parties;
- transactions dealing with securities or real estate purchased from Parties from Covered States after 22 February 2022.
3. In addition, all Russian Parties will now need prior governmental approval to transfer foreign currency to their own accounts in foreign banks or other financial institutions, and to use foreign payment processing without opening bank accounts.
The Decree declares its temporary nature and is aimed at stabilizing the Russian financial market in light of sanctions. It therefore does not appear to be aimed at service agreements, works contracts, sales contracts and similar business transactions, unless they also involve one of the Covered Transactions, such as a loan.
However, please note that it is not entirely clear whether the notion of a ‘loan’ would be interpreted narrowly as a financial service or more broadly (which may then include even advance payments pending supply of goods). We expect further clarifications on this matter to follow.
Please also note that as the Decree appears to have been hastily adopted, it may be revised from time to time and/or its interpretation may be evolving. Therefore, we recommend to obtain legal advice with regard to particular decisions to be taken in light of the Decree.
We will be glad to offer our advice on any of the regulatory measures being taken – often on an emergency basis – by the Russian authorities. Particular areas to stay on the alert for include, for example, (i) currency control measures, (ii) import/export regulations, (iii) the legal environment for businesses with foreign involvement.
Should you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.
29.12.2021 — New Electronic Register Is Introduced to Simplify Revocation of Powers of Attorney Issued Without Notarization
On 29 December 2021, new statutory amendments which provide for a simplified procedure of revoking non-notarized powers of attorney will enter into force. A power of attorney of this kind will be deemed effectively revoked once a revocation notice is officially registered in a special electronic register, and all third parties will be deemed to have knowledge of such revocation on the following day. Access to this electronic register will be free of charge.
Prior to the adoption of the new statutory amendments, a non-notarized power of attorney had to be revoked through a formal publication in the “Kommersant” newspaper, and third parties were deemed to have notice about the revocation only after a month had passed from this publication.
However, after the adoption of the new amendments, apart from this lengthy procedure, it will also be possible to revoke non-notarized powers of attorney by an electronic notice to be submitted to a special online register through the website of the Federal Notary Chamber. If the power of attorney is revoked via this procedure, third parties will be deemed to be aware of the revocation on the day after the information was published in the electronic register. This electronic register will be accessible to the public 24/7 and free of charge, while notaries will be able to issue formal certificates from this register subject to a fee.